Your Guide To The Best Health Insurance As A Self-Employed Person


Whether you’re a gig employee, a freelancer, an independent contractor or just self-employed, you’ll likely must navigate the strategy of enrolling in medical insurance coverage independently in some unspecified time in the future. With so many providers, policies, rules and payment options to contemplate, finding the perfect medical insurance as a self-employed person will be tricky. Read on to learn learn how to make your medical insurance enrollment experience easier.

Do Self-Employed People Need Health Insurance?

Identical to employees, self-employed people stand to learn from medical insurance coverage. After all, not paying for insurance will be inexpensive within the short term, but uninsured persons are just an illness or injury away from catastrophic financial consequences.

Experts recommend comprehensive medical insurance for all adults, as paying out of pocket can result in medical debt. By spending a single night in a hospital, for instance, patients without insurance can owe upward of $10,000. What’s more, studies show people without medical insurance are inclined to make vital health care decisions based on money and infrequently face poorer health outcomes consequently, particularly once they forgo adequate preventative care.

Who Is Considered Self-Employed?

While a majority of working U.S. adults receive medical insurance through their employers, this arrangement could also be waning resulting from rising health care costs. The forms of employees who typically seek coverage on their very own can also be a broad group, including (but not limited to):

  • Individuals who work for big firms or groups but aren’t technically employees, comparable to consultants, doctors, real estate agents and lawyers
  • Independent employees, comparable to freelance writers, contractor tradespeople (electricians, plumbers, etc.) and sole proprietors of companies

Top Health Insurance Options and Considerations for Self-Employed People

In the event you don’t have employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) or access to an employed spouse’s or parent’s plan, consider the choices below.

Federal or State Marketplace

Created by the Reasonably priced Care Act in 2010, the federal government’s Health Insurance Marketplace is a central hub for comprehensive, non-ESI insurance. While the broader program facilitates shopping and enrollment for personal plans through web sites, call centers and in-person help, most individuals discover it by its fundamental web portal: All Marketplace plans are “qualified health plans” (QHPs), meaning they need to cover medical services the federal government deems “essential” and might’t place annual or lifetime caps on coverage.

Meanwhile, each state features one official medical insurance exchange for its residents. In most states, the federal site fills this role, but some states operate separate platforms. This page provides an up-to-date list of the exchange web sites for every state. Open enrollment begins every year on November 1, with the upcoming period extending to January 15, 2023, for a lot of the country. Certain states expand this enrollment period.

Federal Programs for Qualifying Applicants


This needs-based assistance program provides free coverage for about 74 million Americans and could be a solid insurance option for self-employed employees who qualify. Participation is predicated largely on income—in most states, Medicaid is offered to those living below 138% of the federal poverty level—though disability and kids are aspects as well. Anyone can explore eligibility through, and enrollment is open year-round.


Medicare is a federally-managed insurance option primarily for U.S. adults ages 65 and older. Beneficiaries often pay monthly premiums based on their individual plan and tax history, but some costs are offset by taxpayer funding. Like Medicaid, Medicare is a standard way for qualifying people to get coverage without an employer. offers more information on this system’s components and enrollment instructions.

Military Programs

TRICARE is the federal government’s health care program for military service members and their families. Applicants can find plan options and other resources on TRICARE’s website and might check eligibility through the milConnect website. Veterans may apply to enroll in VA coverage programs year-round, which will be supplemented by private insurance or federal programs including TRICARE.

Short-Term Medical Plans

Short-term medical plans will be helpful for transitions into self-employment and managing gaps between plans. They provide reasonably priced but less comprehensive coverage and work best for healthy individuals with low risk of experiencing a health-related event. Recent changes to STM plan policies increased their potential length from just a few months to greater than a  yr.

STM plans aren’t required to cover the ACA’s essential health advantages, commonly excluding coverage for preventative care, mental health care and pharmaceuticals. Considered “junk insurance” by some, these plans are criticized for low levels of protection, restrictive maximum coverage limits and discrimination against those with preexisting conditions. STM plan regulations differ by state, with 12 states outright prohibiting them.

Limited Profit Plans

Limited profit plans also offer pared-down coverage at a lower cost. These plans don’t cover all essential health advantages, making them best for supplementing existing insurance—especially plans with high deductibles or minimal coverage. This category includes critical illness or accident plans, which cover a predetermined list of health issues, and indemnity plans, which share costs more significantly with the patient. Meanwhile, high-deductible catastrophic health plans do cover essential advantages but still offer more limited coverage in exchange for low monthly premiums.

Other Avenues for Finding Coverage

Membership Organizations

Skilled or trade organizations like unions and guilds often provide group plans for members, which will be an efficient low-cost option for independent employees. Membership organizations like AARP also offer access to specific plans, as do many colleges and universities for college students. Group plan access through a company tends to operate very similarly to many ESI plans.

Talking to an Agent or Broker

Agents and brokers will be helpful resources and might direct individuals to the best-fitting option from a selected provider. Insurance firms hire or depend on independent agents to sell plans while brokers assist clients with navigating the market. Each are inclined to operate on commissions from the insurance firms whose product they sell. This Find Local Help tool from can assist you locate agents, brokers and “navigators” (Marketplace-funded assistors) in your area.

Direct Enrollment and Private Exchanges

It’s possible, though not all the time advisable, to buy a plan directly from an insurance company or from a personal online exchange. All these “direct enrollment sites” were only recently made legal, allowing insurance firms and brokers in lots of states to enroll customers via private web sites. These services tout ease and ease find a plan, but their profit to self-employed people is less clear than the profit to individuals with ESI. What’s more, private exchanges don’t display all options that may exist on the Marketplace, and the plans don’t must be ACA-compliant. Their recommendations may additionally be influenced by commission rates for those making the sales.


The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, or COBRA, allows employees and their families to remain on an employer-sponsored group plan for as much as 18 months after it could have otherwise lapsed. It’s expensive but might help in certain situations—including transitioning from a job with ESI to self-employment. To qualify, the lapsing plan must already be covered by COBRA and the insured party must experience a change in eligibility that meets certain criteria, comparable to the death, divorce or job lack of the covered worker.

Health Care Sharing Ministries (HCSMs)

HCSMs purport to assist cover health care costs for members of a faith-based organization who lack ESI. These services aren’t actually insurance and have significant limitations. Paying in doesn’t guarantee coverage, and HCSMs aren’t obligated to cover essential advantages or individuals with preexisting conditions. Many plans also require adherence to certain “lifestyle requirements” to participate, comparable to abstaining from alcohol, tobacco or other activities deemed “high risk.”

How Much Does Health Insurance Cost for Self-Employed People?

The fee of medical insurance will be daunting and hard to predict, especially for the self-employed. A plan’s fundamental costs include its premium (the monthly charge for coverage) and its deductible (how much a patient covers before insurance kicks in). When one is high, the opposite tends to be low. Location, age and tobacco use play a task in how costs are assessed by providers, but health status and medical history usually are not grounds to be charged more under ACA-compliant plans.

Self-employed employees can treat medical insurance as a business expense and deduct premiums from adjusted gross income, reducing tax bills or increasing their refund. Many U.S. adults also qualify for discounts on Marketplace options and might use this calculator to gauge eligibility. Meanwhile,’s Plans &; Prices tool provides estimates based on one’s income for the prices of various insurance options.

Suggestions for Self-Employed People to Find Higher Health Insurance Coverage

The perfect policy is one which strikes a balance amongst premiums, deductibles and coverage that is smart for the person. When looking for such a plan, self-employed people should:

  • Search for an insurer with a big provider network and a customer-friendly claims process.
  • Research Marketplace options before considering a broker or a personal exchange.
  • Consider joining a company that provides group plans.
  • See in the event that they qualify for premium tax credits and value sharing reductions, which might make an enormous difference in affordability, and for programs like Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).
  • Check their eligibility for a special enrollment period (based on qualifying events) or for year-round enrollment (based on income) fairly than waiting until November 1.
  • Treat insurance as an investment in financial well-being—not only health. While the overwhelming majority of uninsured U.S. adults cite high costs because the fundamental reason for lacking coverage, out-of-pocket medical bills are the leading explanation for American consumer bankruptcy.


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