Your Guide To The Best Health Insurance As A Self-Employed Person – Forbes Advisor


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Whether you’re a gig employee, a freelancer, an independent contractor or just self-employed, you’ll likely have to navigate the strategy of enrolling in medical health insurance coverage independently in some unspecified time in the future. With so many providers, policies, rules and payment options to contemplate, finding the perfect medical health insurance as a self-employed person might be tricky. Read on to learn learn how to make your medical health insurance enrollment experience easier.

Do Self-Employed People Need Health Insurance?

Similar to employees, self-employed people stand to profit from medical health insurance coverage. In fact, not paying for insurance might be cheaper within the short term, but uninsured individuals are just an illness or injury away from catastrophic financial consequences.

Experts recommend comprehensive medical health insurance for all adults, as paying out of pocket can result in medical debt. By spending a single night in a hospital, for instance, patients without insurance can owe upward of $10,000. What’s more, studies show people without medical health insurance are inclined to make necessary health care decisions based on money and sometimes face poorer health outcomes because of this, particularly once they forgo adequate preventative care.

Who Is Considered Self-Employed?

While a majority of working U.S. adults receive medical health insurance through their employers, this arrangement could also be waning on account of rising health care costs. The kinds of employees who typically seek coverage on their very own can also be a broad group, including (but not limited to):

  • Individuals who work for big firms or groups but aren’t technically employees, reminiscent of consultants, doctors, real estate agents and lawyers
  • Independent employees, reminiscent of freelance writers, contractor tradespeople (electricians, plumbers, etc.) and sole proprietors of companies

Top Health Insurance Options and Considerations for Self-Employed People

In the event you don’t have employer-sponsored insurance (ESI) or access to an employed spouse’s or parent’s plan, consider the choices below.

Federal or State Marketplace

Created by the Reasonably priced Care Act in 2010, the federal government’s Health Insurance Marketplace is a central hub for comprehensive, non-ESI insurance. While the broader program facilitates shopping and enrollment for personal plans through web sites, call centers and in-person help, most individuals discover it by its essential web portal: All Marketplace plans are “qualified health plans” (QHPs), meaning they have to cover medical services the federal government deems “essential” and may’t place annual or lifetime caps on coverage.

Meanwhile, each state features one official medical health insurance exchange for its residents. In most states, the federal site fills this role, but some states operate separate platforms. This page provides an up-to-date list of the exchange web sites for every state. Open enrollment begins annually on November 1, with the upcoming period extending to January 15, 2023, for many of the country. Certain states expand this enrollment period.

Federal Programs for Qualifying Applicants


This needs-based assistance program provides free coverage for about 74 million Americans and generally is a solid insurance option for self-employed employees who qualify. Participation is predicated largely on income—in most states, Medicaid is out there to those living below 138% of the federal poverty level—though disability and youngsters are aspects as well. Anyone can explore eligibility through, and enrollment is open year-round.


Medicare is a federally-managed insurance option primarily for U.S. adults ages 65 and older. Beneficiaries normally pay monthly premiums based on their individual plan and tax history, but some costs are offset by taxpayer funding. Like Medicaid, Medicare is a typical way for qualifying people to get coverage without an employer. offers more information on this system’s components and enrollment instructions.

Military Programs

TRICARE is the federal government’s health care program for military service members and their families. Applicants can find plan options and other resources on TRICARE’s website and may check eligibility through the milConnect website. Veterans may apply to enroll in VA coverage programs year-round, which might be supplemented by private insurance or federal programs including TRICARE.

Short-Term Medical Plans

Short-term medical plans might be helpful for transitions into self-employment and managing gaps between plans. They provide reasonably priced but less comprehensive coverage and work best for healthy individuals with low risk of experiencing a health-related event. Recent changes to STM plan policies increased their potential length from a couple of months to greater than a  12 months.

STM plans aren’t required to cover the ACA’s essential health advantages, commonly excluding coverage for preventative care, mental health care and prescribed drugs. Considered “junk insurance” by some, these plans are criticized for low levels of protection, restrictive maximum coverage limits and discrimination against those with preexisting conditions. STM plan regulations differ by state, with 12 states outright prohibiting them.

Limited Profit Plans

Limited profit plans also offer pared-down coverage at a cheaper price. These plans don’t cover all essential health advantages, making them best for supplementing existing insurance—especially plans with high deductibles or minimal coverage. This category includes critical illness or accident plans, which cover a predetermined list of health issues, and indemnity plans, which share costs more significantly with the patient. Meanwhile, high-deductible catastrophic health plans do cover essential advantages but still offer more limited coverage in exchange for low monthly premiums.

Other Avenues for Finding Coverage

Membership Organizations

Skilled or trade organizations like unions and guilds often provide group plans for members, which might be an efficient low-cost option for independent employees. Membership organizations like AARP also offer access to specific plans, as do many colleges and universities for college students. Group plan access through a company tends to operate very similarly to many ESI plans.

Talking to an Agent or Broker

Agents and brokers might be helpful resources and may direct individuals to the best-fitting option from a selected provider. Insurance firms hire or depend on independent agents to sell plans while brokers assist clients with navigating the market. Each are inclined to operate on commissions from the insurance firms whose product they sell. This Find Local Help tool from can enable you locate agents, brokers and “navigators” (Marketplace-funded assistors) in your area.

Direct Enrollment and Private Exchanges

It’s possible, though not at all times advisable, to buy a plan directly from an insurance company or from a personal online exchange. These kind of “direct enrollment sites” were only recently made legal, allowing insurance firms and brokers in lots of states to enroll customers via private web sites. These services tout ease and ease find a plan, but their profit to self-employed people is less clear than the profit to individuals with ESI. What’s more, private exchanges don’t display all options which may exist on the Marketplace, and the plans don’t must be ACA-compliant. Their recommendations can also be influenced by commission rates for those making the sales.


The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, or COBRA, allows employees and their families to remain on an employer-sponsored group plan for as much as 18 months after it will have otherwise lapsed. It’s expensive but might help in certain situations—including transitioning from a job with ESI to self-employment. To qualify, the lapsing plan must already be covered by COBRA and the insured party must experience a change in eligibility that meets certain criteria, reminiscent of the death, divorce or job lack of the covered worker.

Health Care Sharing Ministries (HCSMs)

HCSMs purport to assist cover health care costs for members of a faith-based organization who lack ESI. These services aren’t actually insurance and have significant limitations. Paying in doesn’t guarantee coverage, and HCSMs aren’t obligated to cover essential advantages or individuals with preexisting conditions. Many plans also require adherence to certain “lifestyle requirements” to participate, reminiscent of abstaining from alcohol, tobacco or other activities deemed “high risk.”

How Much Does Health Insurance Cost for Self-Employed People?

The fee of medical health insurance might be daunting and hard to predict, especially for the self-employed. A plan’s essential costs include its premium (the monthly charge for coverage) and its deductible (how much a patient covers before insurance kicks in). When one is high, the opposite tends to be low. Location, age and tobacco use play a job in how costs are assessed by providers, but health status and medical history are usually not grounds to be charged more under ACA-compliant plans.

Self-employed employees can treat medical health insurance as a business expense and deduct premiums from adjusted gross income, reducing tax bills or increasing their refund. Many U.S. adults also qualify for discounts on Marketplace options and may use this calculator to gauge eligibility. Meanwhile,’s Plans &; Prices tool provides estimates based on one’s income for the prices of various insurance options.

Suggestions for Self-Employed People to Find Higher Health Insurance Coverage

One of the best policy is one which strikes a balance amongst premiums, deductibles and coverage that is smart for the person. When looking for such a plan, self-employed people should:

  • Search for an insurer with a big provider network and a customer-friendly claims process.
  • Research Marketplace options before considering a broker or a personal exchange.
  • Consider joining a company that gives group plans.
  • See in the event that they qualify for premium tax credits and value sharing reductions, which may make an enormous difference in affordability, and for programs like Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP).
  • Check their eligibility for a special enrollment period (based on qualifying events) or for year-round enrollment (based on income) reasonably than waiting until November 1.
  • Treat insurance as an investment in financial well-being—not only health. While the overwhelming majority of uninsured U.S. adults cite high costs because the essential reason for lacking coverage, out-of-pocket medical bills are the leading explanation for American consumer bankruptcy.

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Offers plans in all 50 states and Washington, D.C.

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