Most definitely, lots more Virgin Islanders have medical insurance today than did just a few years ago, but there are still people willing and in a position to pay for it who’re simply not noted of the market.
It’s easy to fall into the gap.
Simply work for a small private company that doesn’t offer group insurance. Or work for one which does offer it after which get laid off when the business downsizes or closes. Retire early — before you might be eligible for Medicare — to be a family caregiver or for another reason. Work part-time at two or three entities that maintain group plans but that don’t cover part-time employees.
Any of those situations may lead you to search for a person healthcare policy. If you happen to were a resident of a state, you would possibly find the policy shouldn’t be quite nearly as good as what you used to have. But as a resident of the territory, you won’t find anything. No company offers individual coverage within the Virgin Islands.
Unless you’ll find a way onto a bunch plan, you could end up going without health screenings and other routine wellness care and even postponing procedures and/or surgery.
The issue and the history
It’s hard to understand how many individuals within the territory are on this position: wanting medical insurance but ineligible for Medicare due to age, ineligible for Medicaid due to income, and ineligible for a bunch policy due to work status.
Most people in that gap are between 50 and 64 years of age, in accordance with one industry expert, semi-retired Steve Baker of Baker Magras and Associates. He said the number of individuals so affected could also be not more than 500. But government officials think that’s an underestimate.
In a joint interview with the Source, Glendina Matthew, acting director of the division of Banking, Insurance and Financial Regulation within the Lt. Governor’s Office, and Cheryl Charleswell, assistant director, each said they consider the number is higher, though neither offered an estimate.
Cheryl Charleswell is the assistant director of Banking, Insurance, and Financial Regulation. (Photo courtesy of Cheryl Charleswell)
Current numbers for the overall variety of people who find themselves uninsured are also not available.
A government survey from a few decade ago concluded that roughly 30 percent of the Virgin Islands population (calculated then as 100,000, though the 2020 Census shows a pointy drop prior to now 10 years) was living without advantage of medical insurance, either by selection or by circumstance.
Matthew said she is unaware of a more moderen survey.
“Nonetheless,” she said, prior to now few years, “that number (30 percent) must have significantly decreased attributable to the expansion of the Medicaid program under the ACA (Reasonably priced Care Act.).” Medicaid provides health take care of low-income populations.
That time was also made by former V.I. Delegate to Congress, Donna Christensen, who was in office when the ACA became law and shared her recollections and insights in an interview.
Supposedly about 30,000 people within the territory were without medical insurance coverage on the time the ACA was being debated, she said. Since passage of the federal law, with its liberalization of Medicaid for the territories, about 20,000 people have been added to the Medicaid program within the Virgin Islands. Meaning they’ve health coverage.
“A whole lot of people blame this (the shortage of individual coverage) on the ACA,” she said as if the territory selected Medicaid expansion over full participation in ACA.
“We fought hard to be a part of the ACA,” she said, but state-like participation was never an option. The Medicaid expansion was an amazing compensation, nevertheless it wasn’t a matter of selecting it over full participation.
Some industry experts say other aspects dissuade insurance firms from entering into the V.I. market, especially the person policy market. The small population of the territory is a disincentive for a business that relies on large numbers for achievement. And the relatively high rate of some diseases also makes the V.I. market unattractive.
Is there a fix?
Matthew and Charleswell said their office is currently in negotiations with an insurance company about the opportunity of it offering individual coverage within the territory. They declined to call the corporate.
Glendina Matthew is the acting director of Banking, Insurance, and Financial Regulation. (Photo courtesy of Glendina Matthew)
But there have been similar negotiations prior to now that didn’t bear fruit.
Some firms aren’t thinking about the territory since it doesn’t have a mandate, Charleswell said, referring to the concept of a government requiring that everybody have medical insurance. Corporations need assurance that there will probably be a sufficient variety of clients to cover the fee of the business.
The mandate was an integral a part of the ACA, nevertheless it was effectively eliminated in 2019 when Congress stripped away the tax penalty for failing to hold medical insurance.
Since then, five states and the District of Columbia have passed laws requiring residents to amass medical insurance. D.C.’s law makes exceptions for individuals who can’t afford insurance and penalizes those that can afford it but don’t acquire it. Massachusetts, Recent Jersey, Vermont, California, and Rhode Island all have laws that financially penalize individuals who can afford coverage but fail to amass it. Additionally they offer subsidies to individuals who cannot afford insurance.
A number of years ago, Baker thought a neighborhood mandate may be the answer, but he says now he doesn’t consider it will be enforceable.
The query of whether to implement a mandate is a policy query that Matthew declined to debate.
“But do not forget that a mandate can’t stand without subsidies,” she said, and the V.I. government can’t really afford to pay subsidies.
There are other aspects that make it tricky to barter with an organization for individual coverage.
The federal government desires to protect the potential clients, Matthew said. They wish to make certain the corporate is viable and can offer insurance at rates which might be reasonable and that coverage will profit the individuals who obtain it.
As an illustration, Matthew said an organization must comply with offer coverage for hypertension, diabetes, and coronary heart disease – all three of that are common problems in the overall VI population. They will’t exclude someone from coverage simply because they’ve one in every of those conditions, “although we all know some individuals should be excluded on a person basis,” she said.
“It’s a balancing act for us,” she added.
Officials have tried to handle the shortage of individual coverage together with virtually every insurance-related issue in a comprehensive overhaul of existing law. The Virgin Islands Health Reform Act was drafted in 2015. It will possibly be found on the Lt. Governor’s Office website under the division of Banking, Insurance, and Financial Regulation. However the Legislature hasn’t taken it up.
“It hasn’t gotten much traction,” Matthew said.
The bill may or may not have made much difference to the person insurance market, given the reluctance of many firms to supply it.
Wanting luring an insurance company to supply individual coverage within the territory, there are some strategies that may fit for some people.
The administration is encouraging business-related entities equivalent to a chamber of commerce to supply a bunch medical insurance policy to its members. That might pick up businesses too small to qualify for their very own plans and possibly some self-employed individuals.
Baker had several suggestions:
*For many who can, claim residency in a state fairly than within the territory and get into an insurance exchange in that state.
* Benefit from COBRA – the federal law that permits a person to pay the complete cost of a premium and retain coverage under a bunch plan for 18 months (or, in some cases, for 36 months) after losing a job with a bunch plan.
* Incorporate or form a limited liability company with one other individual (even a spouse) and get insurance through that company. (Banking, Insurance, and Financial Regulation doesn’t recommend that approach.)
Baker also suggested that the federal government raise the age limit for kids to remain on a parent’s policy to 30 years.
“That may help people,” he said. “Pass that law. Most states have.”
Christensen suggested the federal government could try for what is named an 1115 waiver, a comparatively latest program of the federal Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services that, under specific circumstances, allows a jurisdiction to make use of Medicaid funds to subsidize medical insurance for certain residents.
Which will or may not work, but she had one other, more immediate suggestion for people struggling without insurance: Make use of the territory’s two private healthcare entities — the St. Thomas East End Medical Center, which serves each St. Thomas and St. John, and Frederiksted Health Care Inc. with outlets in Christiansted, Sion Farm and Frederiksted (a.k.a. the Ingeborg Nesbitt Clinic) on St. Croix.
Each organizations are designated as Federally Qualified Health Centers, and each offer primary care at rates on a sliding scale. “You pay based on family size and income,” Christensen said.
While suggestions for ameliorating the situation abound, there’s no obvious panacea on the horizon. Meanwhile, anecdotes proceed to flow into. A girl gets married so she will be able to qualify for her latest husband’s health plan; a person postpones a much-needed surgery for a yr until he reaches age 65 when he qualifies for Medicare; for a lot of, annual check-ups and regular health screenings turn out to be a thing of the past.